Key personalities of this book include Job, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, Zophar the Naamathite, and Elihu the Buzite. to 1700B.C.) “When Satan stretched forth its hand to afflict the bones of Job, Job fell into its clutches, without the means to escape or the strength to resist. The LORD said to Satan, “Where have you come from?” Satan answered the LORD, “From roaming throughout the earth, going back and forth on it.”, Then the LORD said to Satan, “Have you considered my servant Job? He has made me his target; his archers surround me. But my mouth would encourage you; comfort from my lips would bring you relief. For you write down bitter things against me and make me reap the sins of my youth. Job Bible Story. “Yet if I speak, my pain is not relieved; and if I refrain, it does not go away. But now stretch out your hand and strike everything he has, and he will surely curse you to your face.”. People open their mouths to jeer at me; they strike my cheek in scorn and unite together against me. The Book of Job calls Christians to trust in the Lord humbly. But I desire to speak to the Almighty and to argue my case with God. Job (/ dʒ oʊ b / JOHB; Hebrew: אִיּוֹב – ' Iyyōḇ; Greek: Ἰώβ – Iṓb) is the central figure of the Book of Job in the Bible.In rabbinical literature, Job is called one of the prophets of the Gentiles. Would it turn out well if he examined you? There is no one on earth like him; he is blameless and upright, a man who fears God and shuns evil.”. Some have identified it as a copy of Egyptian first Intermediate period to Hyksos era (2200B.C. God eventually intervenes, commanding Job to be brave and explains various detailed features of his creation. In the story of Job, the Lord reveals His omnipotence in contrast to Job’s finite understanding and powerless as a created being. In the story of Job, the Lord reveals His omnipotence in contrast to Job’s finite understanding and powerless as a created being. Genealogy of Job. Then summon me and I will answer, or let me speak, and you reply to me. Listen carefully to what I say; let my words ring in your ears. September 29, 2012 By Admin-FSN Leave a Comment. God may use evil and suffering to get an unbeliever’s attention and ultimately to draw the person to Himself (Zechariah 13:7-9; Luke 13:1-15; John 9). Job’s friends boast of knowledge and understanding, but do not have any, nor do they honestly understand why Job is suffering. Will you never get enough of my flesh? Again and again he bursts upon me; he rushes at me like a warrior. “My eyes have seen all this, my ears have heard and understood it. Why do I put myself in jeopardy and take my life in my hands? Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. On the seventh day, Job talks, starting a discussion in which each of the four men shares his reflections on Job’s troubles in poetic descriptions. Additionally, the Lord’s infinite knowledge is contrasted with Job’s limited human perspective. Suddenly, though, the scene shifts in Job’s story. This man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil. Show me my offense and my sin. I summon my servant, but he does not answer, though I beg him with my own mouth. “I have sewed sackcloth over my skin and buried my brow in the dust. Satan dares God that, if given the approval to inflict suffering, Job will change and curse God. He questions why God judges people by their deeds if God can just as easily change or forgive their behavior. Whenever the words “fear God” are mentioned, most people will think of the story of Job in the Bible. The question Job faces is this: “Will Job serve the Lord for nothing when evil comes upon Him?” Job is never told why he is suffering or going through what he is — even by the Lord when He speaks to Job. 2 And there were born unto him seven sons and three daughters. Job was humbled by the Lord when He revealed Himself to Job (Job 42:5-6). In all this, Job did not sin by charging God with wrongdoing. Will you speak deceitfully for him? He has stripped me of my honor and removed the crown from my head. I am nothing but skin and bones; I have escaped only by the skin of my teeth. 1 There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil. Job’s sons always have parties at home. Bildad supposes that Job’s children brought their deaths upon themselves. Rabbinic tradition ascribes it to Moses, but scholars generally agree that it was written between the 7th and 4th centuries BCE, with the 6th century BCE as the most likely period for various reasons. If indeed you would exalt yourselves above me and use my humiliation against me. You have blessed the work of his hands, so that his flocks and herds are spread throughout the land. Even so, the Lord never told him about why he was suffering. Bildad and Zophar agree that Job must have performed evil to provoke God’s justice and argue that he should attempt to manifest more innocent behavior. It is found in the third section of the biblical canon known as the Ketuvim (“Writings”). A loving earthly father disciplines his children. God cannot be fooled, and Job confesses that he does not even know himself well enough to adequately defend his case to God. Furthermore, they hide behind their arguments as a means of avoiding the actual responsibility of a friend: Comforting the one who suffers. As time went on, he went through a process of searching for answers for why this happened to him, then sinking into despair when he did not find those answers. The book of Job is Narrative History. In the end, Job never completely gave up hope or faith in God as an inspiration to everyone enduring suffering of their own. If we use this lens to examine the speeches of Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar, it becomes evident why the Lord accuses them of speaking falsely. Evil and suffering can also shock people out of their indifference to spiritual things, and sometimes even out of their false sense of control. Job in The Bible was a good, rich and religious man. “Who is this that darkens counsel,” he asks, “by words without knowledge?” (Job 38:2). Hear now my argument; listen to the pleas of my lips. Like Moses and Isaiah, it was God’s visible glory that humbled Job (Job 42:5-6). Suffering exists because we live in a post-Genesis three world, where the Creation is cursed, and people are sinners by nature (Psalm 51), and choice (Romans 3:23; 6:23), and in need of the Lord who alone can save (Ephesians 2:8). Furthermore, humans cannot possibly convince God with their words. Though the text does not directly identify its setting, internal clues indicate that THE BOOK OF JOB. Yet, for millennia, readers have also drawn comfort and hope from the story of Job’s extreme suffering. God rewards Job for his faithfulness and his endurance through such suffering. He was the greatest man among all the people of the East. All his brothers, sisters, and former acquaintances came to his house and dined with him in his house. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. As God begins to question Job, He reveals Job’s ignorance and limitations of understanding: “Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?” (Job 38:4). The Book of Job is considered to be one of the three books of wisdom literature found within the Bible. “Have you not put a hedge around him and his household and everything he has? “Earth, do not cover my blood; may my cry never be laid to rest! Job reconciles on their behalf, and God forgives them. Job is one of the most famous people in Scripture, yet he is rarely listed as a favorite Bible character. It is confusing to Job how a human can truly satisfy God’s justice as his ways are mysterious and exceeding human comprehension. Bible Verses about Mothers: The Biblical Importance of Motherhood. A summary of Part X (Section11) in 's Bible: The Old Testament. Satan wanted Job to suffer even more, so he caused sores to break out all over Job’s body. but Yes if Ishmael kept in touch and he and Isaac burried Abraham, then the other sons and grandsons May have also, thus giving the story of Job to Moses. Indeed, this will turn out for my deliverance, for no godless person would dare come before him! “How long will you torment me and crush me with words? How many wrongs and sins have I committed? In other words, pain (in this situation) led to the greater good. You, however, smear me with lies; you are worthless physicians, all of you! Categories: Job, Old Testament. As C.S. What Was the Spiritual Purpose of the Ephod in the Bible? “So man wastes away like something rotten, like a garment eaten by moths. Job believes that there is a “witness” or a “Redeemer” in heaven who will testify for his integrity (Job 16:19, Job 19:25). While Christians should be cautious about claiming to identify God’s purposes behind specific incidents of injustice and suffering, the Bible does reveal insight into how God uses evil and suffering. Why Do We Sing Auld Lang Syne at the New Year? Additionally, the Lord’s infinite knowledge is contrasted with Job’s limited human perspective. Job damns the day he was born, relating life and death to light and darkness. In this Bible story from the book of Job, there is a wealthy man named Job residing in an area called Uz with his extended family and vast flocks. Take heart, dear Christian, the Lord is with you (Hebrews 13:5; 9) and His promises are yes and amen in Christ (2 Corinthians 1:20). Job is not finally given an answer to the problem of evil, nor is his question of why everything is happening to him ultimately answered. The Bible tells us that one day Satan presented himself before God and God asked Satan what he thought of Job. (Read the story in the book of Job, before Psalms.) The Story of Job Children's Bible. 2 He had seven sons and three daughters, 3 and he owned seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen and five hundred donkeys, and had a large number of servants. Your maxims are proverbs of ashes; your defenses are defenses of clay. My guests and my female servants count me a foreigner; they look on me as on a stranger. Would not his splendor terrify you? By Zhou Ming. What ails you that you keep on arguing? Surely, God, you have worn me out; you have devastated my entire household. God permits Satan to abuse Job to experiment with this brazen claim, but he forbids Satan to take Job’s life in the manner. What is answered is God has His purposes for His children who are experiencing suffering. Why do you hide your face and consider me your enemy? The first clues have to do with the raiders who destroy or steal Job’s herds and livestock. Will you torment a windblown leaf? God saw all of this, and he was very pleased with Job. Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar defended God’s justice, often with very logical arguments and rational reasoning, and yet, God said of them in the end, “you have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has” (Job 42:7). Could you deceive him as you might deceive a mortal? Satan arrives in heaven again, and God allows him another opportunity to test Job. It collapsed on them and they are dead, and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!”, At this, Job got up and tore his robe and shaved his head. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Bible: The Old Testament and what it means. Job desires for someone who can mediate between himself and God, or be sent to Sheol, the dark space of the dead. “If you say, ‘How we will hound him, since the root of the trouble lies in him, ’, you should fear the sword yourselves; for wrath will bring punishment by the sword, and then you will know that there is judgment. Even worse, Zophar suggests that whatever wrongdoing Job has done he likely deserves more suffering than what he has experienced. Answer The Book of Job is one of the literary masterpieces of all time, and provides a profound discussion on the suffering of a just man. He had ten children and was a man of great wealth. Will you argue the case for God? The Lord’s speech to Job could be used to construct a theodicy based on the sovereignty of God; the clay has no right to question its potter (Romans 9:20-21). Amid our suffering, we look to Jesus, the author, and the finisher of our faith (Hebrews 12:2). The anonymous author was almost certainly an Israelite, although he h… The assuring guarantee for the Christian is that God does not allow evil and suffering to come into their lives without producing a greater good. Job accuses God of being unjust and not operating the world according to principles of justice, and his friends believe that Job's sin caused his suffering. Though unpleasant at the time, discipline is crucial to a child’s growth as a responsible person. God expresses more concern for His children than for their comfort. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Christians are indwelt and empowered for the mission of making disciples who make disciples with the full authority of Jesus (Matthew 28:16-20). God may use the results of evil and suffering to build the moral and spiritual character of His people or to express fatherly discipline (Romans 5:3; Hebrews 10:35; 12:4-11). Job was in terrible pain. Job recognizes that he lacks the wisdom to make sense of his suffering but finds comfort in how the Lord’s ways are above his understanding. Lewis in The Problem of Pain so eloquently put it, “God whispers to us in our pleasures, speaks in our conscience, but shouts in our pains: It is his megaphone to rouse a deaf world.”. In fact, God Himself called Satan’s attention to Job. Eliphaz concludes that Job’s pain must be due to some sin Job has acted, and he recommends Job to seek God’s favor. She is reading the bible through again this year, and in going through the genealogy, she has not located the info she wanted. Therefore, God uses evil and suffering to facilitate the believer’s moral and spiritual maturity. Proud member Will your long-winded speeches never end? My face is red with weeping, dark shadows ring my eyes; yet my hands have been free of violence and my prayer is pure. His wife urges him to denounce God and to give up and die, but Job protests, trying to endure his inflictions. “Keep silent and let me speak; then let come to me what may. Even the little boys scorn me; when I appear, they ridicule me. If so, I will be silent and die. Dave Jenkins is the Executive Director of Servants of Grace Ministries, the Executive Editor of Theology for Life Magazine, and the Host of the Equipping You in Grace Podcast and Warriors of Grace Podcast. He tears me down on every side till I am gone; he uproots my hope like a tree. then know that God has wronged me and drawn his net around me. The Bible tells us that “the Lord blessed the latter days of Job more than his beginning… After this Job lived one hundred and forty years, and saw his children and grandchildren for four generations” (42:12-16). Bible readers can inspect Job’s example and should conclude that justice prevailed in the end because God not only made restitution to Job, but he found himself more abundantly blessed than he had been before his suffering. “Oh, that my words were recorded, that they were written on a scroll. Job was righteous, and we know all the wicked died in the flood and only Noah and his family were saved, because they listened to God. There is no way to identify this area precisely, and for that reason people from all the world wonder at the book of Job. Like such patriarchs, Job acted as a priest for his family, regularly offering up sacrifices in behalf of his children.—Job 1:1-5; 31:16-22. He hopes that his birth had been obscured in darkness and desires to have never been born, believing that life only increases his suffering. Whether during pain, suffering, or agony, the Lord will sustain His people through it all for His purposes and glory. Salem Media Group. He did not know why all these things were happening to him. Would not the dread of him fall on you? Christianity.com is a member of the Salem Web Network of sites including: Copyright © 2021, Christianity.com. “Have pity on me, my friends, have pity, for the hand of God has struck me. Over the time of one day, Job is given four reports, each informing him that his sheep, servants, and ten children have all died due to thieving intruders or natural disasters. Job had 7000 sheep, 3000 camels, 500 ox, 500 donkeys, and many servants. “He has alienated my family from me; my acquaintances are completely estranged from me. Yet, Job still worshipped Jehovah. In His service, BibleAsk Team God has turned me over to the ungodly and thrown me into the clutches of the wicked. He is “blameless” and “upright,” constantly mindful to live in a righteous manner (Job 1:1). All rights reserved. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. His initial response was to rise up in shock, tear his clothes and shave his head. This story helps us understand why suffering exists. He had seven sons and three daughters. You can follow him on Twitter at @davejjenkins, find him on Facebook at Dave Jenkins SOG, Instagram, read more of his writing at Servants of Grace, or sign to receive his newsletter. Even in the darkest times, through death and turmoil, questions of faith and God, Job … God similarly allows evil and suffering to bring about discipline in the lives of His children. The book tells how Satan , appeared in heaven (ch. In Job I we are given a behind-the-scenes look at events of which Job was completely unaware.God, however, was very much aware of Job and of the wholehearted obedience he sought to render. 25 New Year Bible Verses to Renew Our Hope and Faith. The main problem with that view is the book of Job criticizes this position precisely. Christopher Ash about his book, Job: The Wisdom of the Cross (Crossway, 2014).. For those who are unfamiliar with it, briefly tell the story of Job. What Does it Mean That the Word of God Is Alive? Throughout the book, Job, his wife, and his friends speculate on why he, an upright man, suffers. In the Bible, “the best-known wrestling with the problem of suffering comes to us in the book of Job.” (Ehrman, 2008, p. 162). The tendency here is to reduce evil and suffering to a purely rational problem, especially a problem to which one claims to possess the solution. Job was called a righteous man by Ezekiel (14:14), along with Noah and Daniel. All was well with me, but he shattered me; he seized me by the neck and crushed me. While there may be many Theodicies (from the Greek word Theos (“God”) and the root dik (“just”) found within its pages, Job has more to say about how the problem of evil and suffering are dealt with than the problem itself. The LORD said to Satan, “Very well, then, everything he has is in your power, but on the man himself do not lay a finger.” Then Satan went out from the presence of the LORD. Job was heartbroken, but he did not stop worshipping Jehovah. “Only a few years will pass before I take the path of no return. In the land of Uz there lived a man named Job; and he was blameless and upright, one who revered God and avoided evil. that they were inscribed with an iron tool on lead, or engraved in rock forever! Job received a reply, not to his question, “What is happening to me,” but an answer to the Who: God! Then he fell to the ground in worship, and said: “Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked I will depart.The LORD gave and the LORD has taken away; may the name of the LORD be praised.”. and he owned seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen and five hundred donkeys, and had a large number of servants. Job is the richest man in the East. Any help would be appreciated. My breath is offensive to my wife; I am loathsome to my own family. One day the angels came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came with them. a messenger came to Job and said, “The oxen were plowing and the donkeys were grazing nearby, and the Sabeans attacked and made off with them. In the well-known biblical story dealing with the problem of undeserved suffering, Job loses his children, his possessions, and his health. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Ultimately, the Book of Job and the Old Testament Wisdom Books simply call readers to submit to the Lord humbly. And after my skin has been destroyed, yet in my flesh I will see God; I myself will see him with my own eyes—I, and not another. through Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary. Though he slay me, yet will I hope in him; I will surely defend my ways to his face. In this way, problems may be used by God’s grace to bring a person to saving faith in Christ. The book’s theme is the eternal problem of unmerited suffering, and it is named after its central Only God and Job himself know the inside story and reasons here. My wife is having difficulty finding out who Job's parents were as well as when he was born. You fasten my feet in shackles; you keep close watch on all my paths by putting marks on the soles of my feet. But that document was written at least 1,000 years after Moses wrote the book of Job and locating Uz that far east does not match with the information the Bible gives us. His sons used to hold feasts in their homes on their birthdays, and they would invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them. He has blocked my way so I cannot pass; he has shrouded my paths in darkness. The suffering shows too much for Job, and he turns bitter, anxious, and scared. 1 In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Eliphaz replies that Job, who has comforted other people, now reveals that he never actually knew their pain.
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